What is enteritis, its symptoms and prevention

What is enteritis

Enteritis is an inflammation of the small and large intestines, usually caused by bacteria or viruses.

It can be difficult to distinguish from food poisoning, as many of these are food-related.

The main symptoms of enteritis are vomiting and diarrhoea.

People with enteritis can benefit from eating certain foods. Foods such as beans, tofu, eggs, beef, chicken, lean fish, bananas, and plums may be recommended, while cold, fatty foods, dairy products such as milk and cheese, and raw fruits should be limited or avoided.

However, in severe cases of enterocolitis, even the recommended foods mentioned above can be hard on the intestines, so you should always follow your doctor”s instructions.

It”s important to consult a doctor to determine the exact cause and how to treat it.

It”s also important to maintain a balanced diet, as enterocolitis can be linked to poor dietary habits.

However, the direct link to high blood pressure needs further research and confirmation. Claims that enteritis itself is the main cause of high blood pressure may be exaggerated.

It”s always important to consult a reliable medical source or professional opinion.

Signs and symptoms

You have provided information about the main causes, symptoms, and characteristics of enteritis.

Enteritis is caused by a variety of different things, and the symptoms and course can vary depending on the cause.

Bacterial and viral infections

Rotavirus enteritis (infants and young children)

Mostly affects infants and young children, and initially presents with cold-like symptoms, followed by vomiting, and later diarrhoea.

Norovirus enteritis (adults)

Mostly affects adults, with symptoms of vomiting, diarrhoea, and abdominal pain.

Salmonella gastroenteritis

Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhoea, and high fever.

Enteritis vibrio food poisoning, staphylococcal food poisoning: Symptoms include watery diarrhoea after eating seafood, and most cases resolve spontaneously without treatment.

Plague infection

Enterotoxigenic food poisoning

Symptoms include watery diarrhoea.

Bacterial dysentery

Symptoms include diarrhoea with blood and mucus, fever, vomiting, and abdominal pain.

Typhoid fever

Systemic symptoms include high fever, abdominal pain, splenomegaly, and delirium.

Environmental and genetic factors

Inflammatory bowel disease

Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are inflammatory diseases of the intestines, with symptoms including recurrent bloody stools, diarrhoea, and abdominal pain.


Enteritis is an inflammatory disease of the intestines, usually caused by bacteria or viruses, that causes patients to experience symptoms of vomiting or diarrhoea.

When you have enteritis, your body loses water and electrolytes at a rapid rate, so preventing and replenishing these losses is an important part of your treatment strategy.

Prevent dehydration and drink fluids

Dehydration from enteritis can be a serious problem in and of itself.

Dehydration is caused by a rapid decrease in the amount of water in the body, which can lead to a variety of health problems.

Therefore, people with enteritis should prevent this condition by drinking plenty of fluids. Boiled water, barley tea, and ionised fluids are all effective ways to replenish water and necessary minerals.

Nutrition and diet

People with enterocolitis need to be careful with their food intake.

Initially, it is advisable to eat light, easily digestible foods, such as mee-mee or rice porridge, and gradually return to your normal diet.

On the other hand, avoid sugary drinks, fruit juices, and carbonated drinks, as they can irritate the intestines.


For bacterial enteritis, you may need to take certain antibiotics. However, not all people with enteritis need antibiotics; in most cases, enteritis is healed naturally by the body’s immune response.

Antibiotics or other medications should only be used as directed by a healthcare professional.

Warmth and comfort

It’s important for people with enteritis to rest in a comfortable, warm environment.

Resting in a warm environment, especially keeping your hands and feet warm, can ease any discomfort or pain in your abdomen.

Take care when taking medications

A variety of medicines are available to relieve the symptoms of enteritis, but some of these can hide or worsen symptoms.

Therefore, you should avoid taking medicines indiscriminately without a doctor’s instructions.


Preventing enteritis starts with small, everyday, careful actions. These precautions may seem simple, but in the end, they protect us from a major health threat.

Firstly, the importance of handwashing cannot be overstated. Our hands come into contact with so many things throughout the day. They can contain bacteria and viruses that can cause enteritis.

That’s why you should wash your hands thoroughly before touching or eating food and after using the bathroom. Don’t just rinse them with water, but wash them thoroughly with soap.

Next, it’s important to take precautions when cooking or eating food. Food should be cooked thoroughly. In particular, meats such as pork and chicken should not be eaten with a pink centre.

Also, when reheating, make sure it’s heated to a high enough temperature to completely kill the bacteria that can cause food poisoning.

You also need to be careful about how you store your food. Ideally, you should put it in the fridge within two hours of eating. It’s also a good idea to keep uncooked and cooked foods separate to avoid cross-contamination.

Water is also something to watch out for. Especially when travelling, bottled water should be preferred due to the possibility that the local water may be contaminated.

In addition to bottled water, you should also be careful with ice, as germs can be transmitted through it.

As you can see, a little attention and habits in your daily routine can go a long way in preventing diseases like enteritis.

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